Bank Accounts - a primer for non-finance people!
What information is required by Open Society Foundations in order to transfer a grant payment?
This article summarizes frequently asked questions about banking information that we need in order to send funds for awarded grant applications.
When creating a bank account record, be sure to enter required fields and mark the "Bank account is valid" box. Save.
Account Holder Name
When entering the account holder name, please do not use special characters or non A-Z or 0-9 characters. Please replace letters with diacritical marks like these: À, Á, Â, Ã, Ä, Å, Ă, Ą, Ā, Ç, Ð, Ø with letters without the mark or accent.
This field integrates into our banking file, and causes a delay in payment if special characters are used.
Do you see fields that don't look familiar? Here are definitions for some of the information we might ask for on your bank account in order to make payment.
ABA and SWIFT codes convey what bank a wire should be sent to.
An ABA number (also known as routing number or routing transfer number) is a sequence of nine numeric characters used by banks to identify specific financial institutions within the United States.
Swift Code is a standard format of Bank Identifier Codes (BIC) and it is unique identification code for a particular bank. These codes are used when transferring money between banks, particularly for international wire transfers. Banks also used the codes for exchanging other messages between them.
Banks located in the United States use ABA or routing codes. An ABA code is 9 digits, all numbers.
Bank of America (wires to all branches)= 026009593
JP Morgan Chase (New York branch)= 021000021
JPMorgan Chase (California branch)= 322271627
As you can infer from the examples, some banks have a universal ABA for all branches, while other banks may use different ABA’s for different branches. Therefore, don’t be surprised if two wires to the same bank may have two different ABA numbers.
SWIFT codes are 8 or 11 digits usually have the following format:
C= The Country Code (Examples: GB for the United Kingdom, DE for Germany, FR for France)
k= The “check” code, two digits or letters (there is an algorithm for how to determine the check code, but it’s so mind-numbingly esoteric it’s not worth going into here)
B= The Bank Information Code (or “BIC”). It is usually a 4-letter abbreviation of the bank (Examples: BARC for Barclays, LOYD for Lloyds, CITI for Citibank).
Do note that sometimes the four letters don’t look at the bank at all (For example: MIDL for HSBC bank, which is due to the fact that Midland Bank was bought out by HSBC, but they never bothered to change the BIC)
X= The Branch code (optional). This is a 3-digit combination of numbers and/or letters, or simply “XXX” if it’s the main branch. If the SWIFT code is only 8 digits and the branch code is left of, we in finance know that “XXX” is implied.
An example of some SWIFT codes:
BARCGB22XXX (This is going to Barclays in the United Kingdom, main branch)
BARCGB22 (essentially the same as the one above it)
BARCGB2103B (This is also going to Barclays in the United Kingdom, but specifies a branch)
See http://www.theswiftcodes.com/ to confirm SWIFT Code.
If your bank has only provided you with SWIFT information such as:
CHASUS33 (JP Morgan Chase)
Our finance department is often able to use this information to look up the ABA number, but if no ABA is available, a SWIFT can be used.
If your bank or credit union does NOT have a SWIFT or BIC code, then use the following in the field:
The format varies from bank to bank, but is usually 6-26 digits, mostly numbers but on rare occasions use letters.
An IBAN stands for International Bank Account Number, and is a coding system meant to supplant account codes for international wires. IBAN codes provide more detailed information than normal account numbers and usually have less risk in transcription errors.
For wires to US banks (from other US banks, which is the case with US), IBANs are not used.
For wires to European banks and some other banks, the IBAN is required. Follow these external links to see where IBAN is mandatory and recommended.
The format of an IBAN number varies by country, and a complete list can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBAN#List_of_valid_IBANs_by_country
Don’t be overwhelmed by this listyou need not memorize every format of IBAN. The important takeaway is understanding roughly what it looks like so you can find it on the mess of numbers your vendor, consultant, or grantee gives you from their bank: an IBAN number is usually a 15-31 digit mixture of numbers or letters, with the first two letters being a country code.
Some generic examples to get a feel for what they look like:
GB22 BARC 1234 5612 3456 78 (United Kingdom)
FR12 1234 5123 4512 3456 7890 012 (France)
RO80 BRDE 123S V123 4567 8901 (Romania)
Banks in the UK require one additional piece of information for a wire to go through: a 6 digit code called a Sort Code.
In theory, a bank should be able to determine the Sort Code from the IBAN number: it is digits 9-14 of the IBAN. So if the IBAN is GB22 BARC 1234 5612 3456 78, the Sort code will be 12-34-56.
In practice, the banks are never that proactive, and are known to reject wires for missing a Sort Code even though they have the IBAN. For this reason it is best practice to be redundant and include the Sort Code as a separate line.
A Transit Number is used while doing financial transactions with Canadian Banks. The 8 digit Transit Number identifies the beneficiary financial institution and the branch to which a payment is being initiated. A Transit Number is essential for making payments through the Canadian clearing system.